Welcome to the County of Kisumu

 

 

Vibrant. Proud. Cheerful

 

Contents
Introduction

1. Genesis

 


2. Education

 


3. Health

 


4. Work

 


5. Government

 


6. Elections & Politics

 


7. Visitors

 


8. Towns & Cities

 

Geography

 

The County of Kisumu covers 0.36% of the total land mass in Kenya, over an area of 2,085.93 km2 hugging the Winam Gulf's northern to south-eastern shores on Lake Victoria. It is bordered by the County of Vihiga and County of Nandi to the north, County of Kericho to the east, County of Homa Bay to the south, Winam Gulf and Siaya County to the west.

 

Relief

 

Kisumu County's lowest plains around the lake are at an altitude of about 1,134m while its highlands to the east and north east rise to an altitude of about 2,000m. A few notable rivers flow in a westerly direction within the County into Lake Victoria, notably Rivers Nyando, Sio, Nzoia, Sondu Miriu, Kuja and Yala rising from the western Rift Valley highlands, and Mt Elgon to the North West.

 

Population

 

Kisumu County, by population, is ranked behind Kitui County, as the 12th most populous county of all the 47 Counties of Kenya. Having a total of 968,909 people living there, it is host to 2.51% of the total population in Kenya. The county has a density of 4.3 people per household (2009 Census).

 

Climate

 

The climate of the County is generally warm with minimal monthly variation in temperatures between 190C and 320C throughout the year. The rainfall is governed by a modified equatorial climate characterized by long rains (March to June) and short rains (September to November). The average annual rainfall varies from 700mm along the Lake Victoria shores to 2,000mm in the higher lands.

 

Representation

 

The people of Kisumu County directly elect 6 members to parliament to represent them in the Constituencies of Kisumu Rural, Kisumu Town East, Kisumu Town West, Muhoroni, Nyakach and Nyando. The IEBC has gazetted 7 Constituencies for the County for the 2013 elections. There are 333,119 registered voters in the county. These represent 2.33% of the national total of registered voters (IIEC, 2010).


 

 

 

Genesis

 

Introduction

 

The County name of Kisumu (pronounced kisumu) was borrowed from the Luo language 'sumo', meaning 'go and get food'. During times of scarcity and famine, it was a place people went to in search of food.

 

History

 

The town of Kisumu, on the cusp of Kavirondo Gulf (now renamed Winam Gulf) was born around 1900-1901 as an inland terminal, by the arrival of the Uganda railway line from the railway town of Nakuru. The initial route for the railway was from Nakuru to Tororo, Uganda via Port Victoria on the mouth of River Nzoia. A revised plan was used and the railway arrived at Kisumu instead. Kisumu was then renamed Port Florence after Florence Preston, wife of the chief foreman platelayer, Ronald O. Preston, who had accompanied her husband on his 5 year journey all the way from Mombasa, 930km away. Mrs Preston was given the honour of driving home the last key at the waters edge.

 

Florence and Robert laying the final rail at Port Florence now Kisumu on 19th December 1901

Florence and Robert laying the final rail at Port Florence now Kisumu on 19th December 1901

 

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Education

  

In this Page:

 

2. Education

Primary Schools

Secondary Schools

Special Schools

Polytechnics

Colleges

Universities

Libraries

 

Introduction

 

On average, 94.09% of all children in Kisumu County between the school-going ages of 6-17 years attend school on any given day. This is below the national average of 95.16%. Furthermore out of a total County population of xxxxxxx who are 18 years or more, 78.6% have at least completed primary (basic) education.

 

Figure 2.1: Primary Education Assessment in Kisumu County 2011

 

uwezo 2011 national assessment summary report by Uwezo for kisumu county

Source: Uwezo.net. Retrieved Dec 2011

 

Kisumu County was ranked 8th in Kenya in the 2011 KCPE examinations with a mean score of 259.63 out of 500, behind Elgeyo Marakwet County who had a mean of 260.27.

 

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Health

 

In this Page:

 

3. Health

Health Facilities

Public Health & Sanitation

Traditional Medicine

 

 

Introduction

 

Kisumu County has a total of about 138 health facilities. These facilities range from the Nyanza Provincial Hospital (KEPH rating level 5) to Maternity/Nursing Homes, (KEPH rating level 1). 1/2 of them (50%) are government-run.

The doctor to patient ratio is approximately 1:15,000 against the national average of 1:25,000 (OpenData, approx). The average distance to a health facility is 5-8 km (NCAPD, Kisumu District Strategic Plan 2005-2010).

The following is a more detailed breakdown of Kisumu County health facilities, by ownership and type (KEPH level), etc:

 

Table 3.1: Health Facilities Ownership Summary in Kisumu County

 

Owner
Total Facilities
%
Hospital
Health Centre
Dispensary
Maternity and Nursing Home
Medical Clinic

Faith Based Organizations: CHAK, Catholic, Other Faiths

14

10%

3

4

5

1

1

Ministry of Health

69

50%

11

11

47

   

Company Medical

3

2%

 

2

1

   

Public Institution

2

1%

   

1

 

1

Local Authority

15

11%

 

4

11

   

NGO

12

9%

 

3

4

1

4

CoDF

1

1%

   

1

   

Private

22

16%

6

2

1

3

10

Totals

138

 

20

26

71

5

16

 

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Work

 

In this Page

 

4. Work

Agriculture

Manufacturing

Cooperative Societies

Business

Services

Natural Resources

 

  

Introduction

 

62.10% of all households in Kisumu County depend on crop farming as a source of income. Agriculture, fishing, tourism, transport and related activities form the main sources of household incomes in the county. Kisumu is strategically located as the premier frontier county and inland terminal at Lake Victoria and thus makes it an important gateway to the East African regions around the lake.

The County of Kisumu's poverty index of 45.0% places it at no. 19 in Kenya, behind the County of Uasin Gishu (2005/06-KIHBS), against Kenya's poverty index average rate of 46.6%. The County of Kajiado leads in this respect with a poverty index of 12.1%.

 

4.1: Rural Urban and Economic Indicators for Kisumu County (2009)

 

Indicator
Rate (Estimates)
National Average
Ranking
Leading County
Urban Population

52.4%

32.3%

4th

Nairobi & Mombasa : 100%

Unemployed/Seeking Work
Male

46.3%

46.2%

18th

Wajir: 72.5%

Female

57.8%

46.2%

17th

Wajir: 78.2%

Access to Electricity
30.8% 32.6% 22nd Nairobi: 72.4%
 
       
Rural Population

47.6%

67.7%

44th

Tharaka-Nithi : 93.4%

Unemployed/ Seeking Work
Male

52.4%

46.2%

4th

Makueni: 58.0%

Female

53.6%

46.2%

14th

Garissa: 67.7%

Access to Electricity
3.1% 4.4% 23rd Kiambu: 26.8%
 
       
Poverty Index (2005/6 KIHBS)

45.0%

46.6%

19th

Kajiado: 12.1%

Source: OpenData, Retrieved Dec 2011.

 

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Government

 

 

In this Page:

 

5. Government

County Executive

County Assembly

National Government

       County Finance

 

Introduction

 

The new limited devolution of power as laid out in the new constitution, provides that executive authority in the county will be exercised by a county executive committee headed by an elected governor. An elected County Assembly headed by a Speaker will legislate on county matters and exercise limited oversight powers on the executive. The authority, roles and functions of both the County Executive and the County Assembly are discussed under the 47 Counties of 2010 link.

 

Vision

 

What is the vision of the people of the new County of Kisumu?

How do the people of this area want to be identified?

What do they want to be known for?

And where do they want to be in the next 10 years?

 

County Executive

 

The following are the members who have been appointed to serve in the County Executive Committee of Kisumu County:

 

Table 5.4 Members of the Kisumu County Executive

 

No
Member
Gender
Constituency
Department
Leadership: education, qualification, service,
1 Governor Jack Nyanungo Raguma
Male      
2 D/Governor Ruth Adhiambo Odinga Busia
Female
     
3 A N Other Male Seme Health  
4     Nyando    
 5       Education  
6   Female      
 7       Transport  
 8     Kisumu East Environment
 
 9   Female
  Housing  
10   Male Nyakach    

 

County Assembly

 

The following are the elected and nominated persons who will serve in the Kisumu County Assembly:

 

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Elections & Politics

 

In this Page:

 

6. Elections & Politics

Political Parties

Governor

Senator

Women Representative

Constituencies and MPs

        Wards

 

 

 

Political Parties

 

The politics of Kisumu County is currently dominated by the Orange Democratic Party, ODM. The place and manner of Political Parties under the Constitution of Kenya 2010, is discussed in more detail under the Politics & Elections link.

 

Governor

 

The office of governor will be one of the key political offices in the new county structures under the devolved system of government as envisaged in the new constitution. The following people ran for the office of Governor of Kisumu County at the March 2013 elections.

 

Table 6.1 Results for Governor for Kisumu County 2013

 

Candidate
Gender
Party
Votes
% Votes
Leadership bio, education, public office held, birth place (constituency)

Francis Erick Otieno Osenya

Male

 TNA

7,300

2.1%

 

Jackton Ranguma

Male

 ODM

336,270

97.9%

 

 

Senator

 

The following people ran for the office of Senator for Kisumu County.

 

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Visitors

 

In this Page:

 

7. Visitors

Attractions

Parks & Reserves

Hotels & Restaurants

People & Places

Art & Culture

 

Introduction

 

"Friendly and vibrant" is how first-time visitors describe the County of Kisumu. While the beautiful Lake Victoria is arguable Kisumu's greatest asset, the county is home to several important rivers, parks, many places of interest, and vast untapped tourism potential.

 

Attractions

 

Lake Victoria

 

Lake Victoria is a beautiful and fresh water lake. It is the largest tropical fresh water lake in the world. It got its name in 1858 from the first European to see the lake John Hanning Speke who named it after his Queen in England, Queen Victoria. It has a surface area of 68,800km², although only a small part (about 6%), belongs to Kenya territorially.

 

a typical island on lake victoria- source neworldencyclopedia vicky phelps

An Island on Lake Victoria

 

It is a shallow lake averaging 40 meters deep; Thus by volume it ranks as the seventh largest in the world. The lake has a very indented shore and numerous islands. These features make Lake Victoria the premier lake for sight-seeing, photography, bird watching and study or leisure visits to enjoy its great bio-diversity. Lake Victoria has many points along its shores and coves that are home to the hippo and crocodile as well as birds such as the fish eagles, egrets, cormorants and gannets. Abundant prehistoric remains found around the lake indicate the early development of agriculture.

 

boating in lake victoria

A boat trip on lake victoria off Kisumu City

 

Lake Victoria is the source of the River Nile. The lake water is drained at a rate of about 600 m3 sec-1, at Jinja (Uganda) on the northern shore, into the Victoria Nile which flows northward via Lake Albert and the White Nile forming the uppermost reaches of the Nile River. It has a water volume of 2,750km3. Lake Victoria is bordered by all the constituencies in the county except Muhoroni.

 

Parks & Reserves

 

 

Kisumu Impala Sanctuary

 

Branded as the "Lakeshore Walk with the Impalas", this sanctuary is home to the rare Sitatunga Impala, .........

 

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Towns & Cities

 

In this Page:

 

7. Towns & Cities

 

<static map to appear here.> size (and relative), population(and relative), date of inception and why, current political and administrative significance, business, communication, transport, tourism numbers, GDP, foklore and nicknames, newspapers,......

 
Kisumu Town

 

Kisumu City is the third biggest town in Kenya after Mombasa and is the proposed headquarters for the county. It is 265 km north-west of Nairobi (and 346km by road), standing at the cusp of the Winam Gulf on Lake Victoria (at geo-location 0.1100 and 34.7000). It lies about 1,131m above sea level. The town owes it existence to the arrival of the Uganda Railway in 1901. It received township status in 1903. The town was elevated to the status of a Municipal Board in 1940 and later to a Municipal Council in 1960. Kisumu Town's population stood at 388,311 (including peri-urban populations) as per the 2009 Census (Source: CRA, OpenData, Retrieved Jan 2012).

 

Table 7.1 Population growth of Kisumu Town

 

Census
Population
Growth Rate

1962

 

 

1969

32,431

 

1979

152,643

 

1989

192,733

 

1999

194,390

 

2009

259,258

 

2019

 

 

 

Awasi Town

Awasi is the second biggest town ........

 

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References

1. The Jaramogi Foundation. Accessed Jan 2012

2. Musandu P A, (2006). Daughter of Odoro: Grace Onyango and African Women's History. Master's thesis.

3. Open Data website. http://www.opendata.go.ke. Retrieved/accessed at various times.

4. Kenya Wildlife Service website. www.wildlife.go.ke. Retrieved/accessed at various times.

5. National Council for Population and Development NCAPD. Retrieved/accessed at various times.

6. Uwezo. http://www.uwezo.net. Retrieved/accessed at various times.

7. Daily Nation newspaper. Retrieved/accessed at various times.

8. Wikipedia. http://www.wikipedia.org. Retrieved/referenced at various times.

9. Great Lakes University of Kisumu website. http://www.gluk.ac.ke. Retrieved/accessed at various times.

10. Metropolitan Sacco website. http://www.metrosacco.co.ke/History.php. Retrieved/accessed Jan 2012.

11. Ministry of Co-operatives and Marketing website. Retrieved/accessed Jan 2012.

12. African Conservation Center ACC website. http://www.conservationafrica.org. Retrieved/accessed Jan 2012.

13. Kenya Electricity Generation Company KENGEN website. Retrieved/accessed at various times.

 14. IEBC Website. Http://www.iebc.or.ke. Retrieved March 2013

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