Constituencies created for the 1997 Elections

 

Once again in 1996 Parliament amended the Constitution via the Constitution of Kenya (Amendment) Act of 1990 to provide for a minimum of 188 and a maximum of 210 Constituencies. Excerpts from Article 42 of the then Constitution:

42. (2) Parliament may prescribe the minimum number of constituencies into which Kenya shall be divided (which shall not be less than 188) or the maximum number of constituencies (which shall exceed the minimum number by at least twenty), and until Parliament has so prescribed the minimum number of constituencies shall be 188 and the maximum shall be 210.

The ECK in turn created an additional 22 geographic constituencies for the 1997 elections. By this time, the number of Districts had risen to xx This Constitution provided for twelve nominated members nominated by political parties according to their strength in the National Assembly.

33. (1) Subject to this section, there shall be twelve nominated members of the National Assembly appointed by the President following a general election, to represent special interests.

Better still, the nominations were required to take into account gender equality. Excerpts from Article 33:

33. (3) The persons to be appointed shall be nominated by the parliamentary parties according to the proportion of every parliamentary party in the National Assembly, taking into account the principle of gender equality.

We can therefore say that for the very first time women did receive, as a special interest group, due recognition and representation in the National Assembly. The tables following present the breakdown of representation at the 1997, 2002, and 2007 General Elections, listed once again, by Province.  For a better perspective we have also included additional data on the size of the electoral unit which has remained static since 1996, in the hope that the reader will appreciate the significance of the reforms on representation that were introduced by the New Constitution in 2010. The reader should also note that the population figures (and hence densities) given on these tables are based on the National Population Census conducted in 2009.

By 1996, the number of Districts had  risen to xxx. The official explanation given at the time emphasised on the urgent need to bring government services closer to the people of Kenya. The result of this decentralisation was the growth of a top-heavy provincial administration rather than the more desirable devolution of government and decision-making. 
 

Table 3.9 Central Province

 

Constituency
Area (sq. km.)
Population (2009)
Density (Persons/sq. km.)
District
Githunguri 175 147,763 843 Kiambu
Kiambaa 191 253,751 1,332 Kiambu
Kabete 236 265,829 1,124 Kiambu
Limuru 281 131,132 467 Kiambu
Lari 441 123,895 281 Kiambu
Kirinyaga Central 263 113,355 432 Kirinyaga
Ndia 270 99,515 369 Kirinyaga
Gichugu 405 124,672 308 Kirinyaga
Mwea 541 190,512 352 Kirinyaga
Kandara 237 156,663 661 Maragwa
Kigumo 293 123,766 422 Maragwa
Maragwa 468 152,272 326 Maragwa
Kangema 260 76,988 296 Murang'a
Mathioya 262 88,219 336 Murang'a
Kiharu 407 181,076 445 Murang'a
Kipipiri 544 95,338 175 Nyandarua
Kinangop 853 192,379 226 Nyandarua
Ndaragwa 934 92,626 99 Nyandarua
Ol-Kalou 974 215,925 222 Nyandarua
Nyeri Town 168 119,273 710 Nyeri
Mukurwe-ini 180 83,932 466 Nyeri
Tetu 418 78,320 187 Nyeri
Mathira 434 148,847 343 Nyeri
Othaya 600 87,374 146 Nyeri
Kieni 1,556 175,812 113 Nyeri
Gatundu South 192 114,180 594 Thika
Gatundu North 289 100,611 348 Thika
Juja 747 486,121 651 Thika
Gatanga 603 163,597 271 Thika

 

Table 3.10 Coast Province

 

Constituency
Area (sq. km.)
Population (2009)
Density (Persons/sq. km.)
District
Kaloleni 909 252,924 278 Kilifi
Bahari 968 323,609 334 Kilifi
Ganze 2,902 132,688 46 Kilifi
Matuga 1,052 151,978 144 Kwale
Msambweni 3,235 288,393 89 Kwale
Kinango 4,008 209,560 52 Kwale
Lamu East 1,663 18,841 11 Lamu
Lamu West 4,504 82,698 18 Lamu
Magarini 2,417 151,159 63 Malindi
Malindi 5,334 249,355 47 Malindi
Mvita 7 74,735 10,831 Mombasa
Likoni 53 176,426 3,304 Mombasa
Changamwe 57 282,279 4,987 Mombasa
Kisauni 113 405,930 3,602 Mombasa
Wundanyi 702 56,021 80 Taita/Tavetta
Mwatate 1,873 71,513 38 Taita/Tavetta
Taveta 4,205 67,665 16 Taita/Tavetta
Voi 10,348 89,458 9 Taita/Tavetta
Galole 9,657 60,866 6 Tana River
Bura 12,796 82,545 6 Tana River
Garsen 16,013 96,664 6 Tana River

 

Table 3.11 Eastern Province

 

Constituency
Area (sq. km.)
Population (2009)
Density (Persons/sq. km.)
District
South Imenti 737 179,604 244 Central Meru
Central Imenti 761 141,768 186 Central Meru
North Imenti 1,484 258,947 174 Central Meru
Manyatta 299 154,632 518 Embu
Runyenjes 430 142,360 331 Embu
Isiolo South 9,817 43,118 4 Isiolo
Isiolo North 15,881 100,176 6 Isiolo
Kitui Central 979 175,633 179 Kitui
Kitui West 1,843 159,367 86 Kitui
Mutito 5,037 126,711 25 Kitui
Kitui South 12,544 166,050 13 Kitui
Kangundo 813 219,103 269 Machakos
Machakos Town 822 199,211 242 Machakos
Mwala 1,015 163,032 161 Machakos
Yatta 1,059 147,579 139 Machakos
Kathiani 1,163 243,719 210 Machakos
Masinga 1,411 125,940 89 Machakos
Kaiti 418 120,116 287 Makueni
Kilome 630 87,864 139 Makueni
Mbooni 951 184,624 194 Makueni
Makueni 2,011 243,219 121 Makueni
Kibwezi 3,955 248,704 63 Makueni
Saku 2,078 46,502 22 Marsabit
Laisamis 20,266 65,669 3 Marsabit
North Horr 38,953 75,196 2 Marsabit
Siakago 777 89,035 115 Mbeere
Gachoka 1,315 130,185 99 Mbeere
Moyale 9,390 103,799 11 Moyale
Mwingi South 4,258 180,016 42 Mwingi
Mwingi North 5,773 204,932 35 Mwingi
Tigania West 402 135,980 338 North Meru
Tigania East 723 157,246 217 North Meru
Igembe North 1,327 229,871 173 North Meru
Igembe South 1,489 252,885 170 North Meru
Nithi 1,093 235,232 215 South Meru
Tharaka 1,570 130,098 83 Tharaka

 

Table 3.12 Nairobi Province

 

Constituency
Area (sq. km.)
Population (2009)
Density (Persons/sq. km.)
District
Starehe 11 274,607 2,532 Nairobi
Kamukunji 12 261,855 1,590 Nairobi
Makadara 20 218,641 10,878 Nairobi
Dagoretti 39 329,577 6,133 Nairobi
Kasarani 86 525,624 22,381 Nairobi
Westlands 98 247,102 8,516 Nairobi
Embakasi 208 925,775 25,906 Nairobi
Langata 223 355,188 4,444 Nairobi

Nairobi would later be split into 5 Districts of Westlands, Nairobi East, Nairobi ............

 

Table 3.13 North-Eastern Province

 

Constituency
Area (sq. km)
Population (2009)
Density (Persons/sq. km.)
District
Dujis 5,688 190,062 33 Garissa
Ijara 9,994 92,663 9 Garissa
Lagdera 13,297 245,123 18 Garissa
Fafi 15,974 95,212 6 Garissa
Mandera East 6,195 288,687 47 Mandera
Mandera West 8,631 319,775 37 Mandera
Mandera Central 11,648 417,294 36 Mandera
Wajir North 9,493 135,505 14 Wajir
Wajir West 12,800 171,948 13 Wajir
Wajir East 12,979 224,418 17 Wajir
Wajir South 21,424 130,070 6 Wajir

 

Table 3.14 Nyanza Province

Constituency
Area (sq. km.)
Population (2009)
Density (Persons/sq. km.)
District
Rarieda 400 134,558 337 Bondo
Bondo 587 157,522 268 Bondo
Bomachoge 221 200,729 907 Gucha
Bobasi 239 190,074 794 Gucha
South Mugirango 200 159,049 794 Gucha
Rangwe 451 194,408 431 Homa Bay
Ndhiwa 709 172,212 243 Homa Bay
Bonchari 126 114,615 907 Kisii
Nyaribari Chache 132 142,389 1,076 Kisii
Nyaribari Masaba 162 122,070 756 Kisii
Kitutu Chache 229 223,356 977 Kisii
Kisumu Town West 144 139,933 972 Kisumu
Kisumu Town East 146 264,227 1,810 Kisumu
Kisumu Rural 361 144,907 402 Kisumu
Kuria 581 256,086 441 Kuria
Uriri 380 115,751 304 Migori
Rongo 468 209,460 447 Migori
Migori 481 191,248 398 Migori
Nyatike 676 144,625 214 Migori
West Mugirango 180 159,673 887 Nyamira
Kitutu Masaba 253 199,136 788 Nyamira
North Mugirango Borabu 464 239,443 517 Nyamira
Nyakach 359 133,041 371 Nyando
Nyando 412 141,037 342 Nyando
Muhoroni 666 145,764 219 Nyando
Karachuonyo 438 162,045 370 Rachuonyo
Kasipul Kabondo 507 220,666 435 Rachuonyo
Gem 403 160,675 399 Siaya
Ugenya 518 202,306 390 Siaya
Alego 599 187,243 313 Siaya
Mbita 416 111,409 268 Suba
Gwasi 640 103,054 161 Suba

 

Table 3.15 Rift-Valley Province

 

Constituency
Area (sq. km.)
Population (2009)
Density (Persons/sq. km.)
District
Baringo North 1,695 93,789 55 Baringo
Baringo Central 2,426 162,351 67 Baringo
Baringo East 4,525 133,189 29 Baringo
Bomet 514 233,271 454 Bomet
Chepalungu 537 163,833 305 Bomet
Sotik 555 187,968 4,444 Bomet
Buret 320 167,649 524 Bureti
Konoin 414 139,114 336 Bureti
Kajiado South 6,356 137,496 22 Kajiado
Kajiado North 7,405 387,538 52 Kajiado
Kajiado Central 8,142 162,278 20 Kajiado
Keiyo North 541 73,715 136 Keiyo
Keiyo South 898 109,160 122 Keiyo
Ainamoi 520 181,509 349 Kericho
Belgut 560 202,591 362 Kericho
Kipkelion 1,103 206,590 187 Kericho
Eldama Ravine 942 105,273 112 Koibatek
Mogotio 1,364 60,959 45 Koibatek
Laikipia East 4,460 174,796 39 Laikipia
Laikipia West 4,769 224,431 47 Laikipia
Marakwet East 783 78,749 101 Marakwet
Marakwet West 805 108,374 135 Marakwet
Nakuru Town 263 309,424 1,179 Nakuru
Subukia 570 211,691 371 Nakuru
Molo 1,198 302,618 253 Nakuru
Rongai 1,222 163,864 134 Nakuru
Kuresoi 1,596 239,485 150 Nakuru
Naivasha 2,837 376,243 133 Nakuru
Aldai 524 157,967 301 Nandi
Emgwen 702 231,054 329 Nandi
Mosop 736 164,430 223 Nandi
Tinderet 938 199,514 213 Nandi
Narok North 4,654 258,544 56 Narok
Narok South 10,444 317,844 30 Narok
Samburu East 10,142 59,094 6 Samburu
Samburu West 10,985 164,853 15 Samburu
Cherangany 627 195,173 311 Trans Nzoia
Saboti 741 387,366 523 Trans Nzoia
Kwanza 1,119 236,218 211 Trans Nzoia
Kilgoris 2,846 274,532 96 Transmara
Turkana Central 14,766 254,606 17 Turkana
Turkana South 18,622 226,379 12 Turkana
Turkana North 35,000 374,414 11 Turkana
Eldoret South 989 261,073 264 Uasin Gishu
Eldoret North 1,088 391,655 360 Uasin Gishu
Eldoret East 1,251 241,451 193 Uasin Gishu
Kapenguria 2,306 181,063 79 West Pokot
Sigor 2,902 175,616 61 West Pokot
Kacheliba 3,856 156,011 40 West Pokot

 

 

Table 3.16 Western Province

 

Constituency
Area (sq. km.)
Population (2009)
Density (Persons/sq. km.)
District

Kanduyi

319

229,701

720

Bungoma

Bumula

345

178,897

519

Bungoma

Webuye

401

230,253

574

Bungoma

Sirisia

447

243,535

545

Bungoma

Kimilili

556

320,300

576

Bungoma

Budalangi

187

66,723

358

Busia

Butula

245

121,870

497

Busia

Funyula

264

93,500

354

Busia

Nambale

428

205,982

481

Busia

Khwisero

143

102,635

716

Butere-Mumias

Butere

210

139,780

666

Butere-Mumias

Matungu

260

146,563

564

Butere-Mumias

Mumias

326

212,818

652

Butere-Mumias

Ikolomani

143

104,669

732

Kakamega

Shinyalu

410

159,475

389

Kakamega

Lurambi

417

297,394

713

Kakamega

Malava

424

205,166

484

Lugari

Lugari

670

292,151

436

Lugari

Mt. Elgon

944

172,377

183

Mt. Elgon

Amagoro

559

255,871

458

Teso

Vihiga

90

91,616

1,018

Vihiga

Sabatia

110

129,678

1,179

Vihiga

Emuhaya

173

185,069

1,070

Vihiga

Hamisi

189

148,259

784

Vihiga

 

The total number of geographical Constituencies remained the same in the both the 2002 and the 2007 elections, at 210 constituencies with 12 nominated members.

 

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